Achieving Sustainable Development in Africa: Science, Technology and Innovation Trajectory

Achieving Sustainable Development in Africa: Science, Technology & Innovation TrajectoryEditors:
Allam Ahmed, University of Sussex, UK
Sonny Nwankwo, University of East London, UK

ISBN: 978-1-907106-07-1 (Print) 978-1-907106-06-4 (ebook)
ISSN: 2042-602X (Print) 2042-6038 (ebook)

The purpose of this Book is to address issues that will be central to the Africa’s Sustainable Development (SD) through efficient and effective management of science, technology and innovation policies, the challenges these pose for the African countries, and the global framework for dealing with technology development, transfer and adoption. The book aims to provide an opportunity to discuss and clarify how universities can contribute to the generation of wealth in Africa through the transfer of finalised knowledge and the creation of new firms, new industries and business opportunities.

Contents

  • Making science and technology work for Africa’s sustainable development
  • Innovation and knowledge management in Africa
  • Knowledge for development in the African region
  • Reconnecting African universities to sustainable development
  • Universities’ contribution to the national innovation system in the Maghreb states
  • University textbook publishing in Nigeria
  • ICT4D: the case of the information society in Africa
  • KM and national IT policy in Ethiopia
  • Technology gap between SSA and industrialised countries
  • Determinants of innovation capability in Nigeria
  • Is Africa facing a nutrition transition under the double burden of disease?
  • Microbiological quality and safety of sausages in Ethiopia
  • Processing methods on the nutritional profile of avocado seeds
  • Clean technologies against potential impacts of climate change in 21st century Nigeria
  • Towards building an efficient air transport system in Africa
  • Consumption patterns as correlates of environmental degradation in Nigeria
  • Promoting environmental consciousness among entrepreneurs of African-owned SMEs in the UK
  • Conceptual framework for sustainable development in Africa
  • Sustainable agricultural development in rural Sudan
  • Entrepreneurship and economic development in Nigeria

Finally, a group of Professors, learned men and women have come together to address the issues of poverty, ignorance and disease through this volume. As Minister of State for ICT, I find this book awakening our minds, as leaders, to the importance of science and technology in our journey, as Africans, towards development. I wish to add that the key starting point, to fully implement what has been so carefully suggested in this volume, is the education of primary and secondary school children and teaching them how to use the keyboard and how to hold the mouse at an early age so that the computer becomes part of these children’s lives. It is always painful to see a very brilliant African student wasting valuable study time, which should be used for innovation projects, still struggling to find where letters are on the keyboard! This is why African leaders must advocate for IT penetration through schools and universities so that young people grow up using computers as part and parcel of their lives. Only then will such people be able to innovate and come up with applicable technologies to change people’s lives.

H. E. John Chrysostom A. Nsambu, Minister of State for ICT, Uganda

We often speak of sustainable development as an abstraction driven by grand ideals that are most comfortably discussed in academic settings. We, of course, should never underestimate the power of ideas. But ultimately it is people – their knowledge, their skills, their imagination, their commitment – that determines whether an idea becomes a force for positive change instead of an enduring academic point of debate. The key issue examined in this book is: How can highly trained young scientists from Africa chart a career course that enables them to apply their knowledge to benefit their own countries and regions? By posing and seeking to answer this question, the youthful scientists who have contributed to this book give us reason to hope that a better future awaits Africa – a future in which the gap between ideals and reality can be closed with the help of an indigenous scientific community that firmly believes their futures can best be served by serving their countries. I urge anyone who is interested in the future of Africa to read this book, not just for the details that it provides on a broad range of research activities, but also for its strategic vision calling on Africa’s youthful scientists to lead the charge for change.

Professor Mohamed H. A. Hassan, President, African Academy of Sciences and Executive Director, Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS),Trieste, Italy