Modelling motorcycle emissions and driving cycle in Edinburgh
Ravindra Kumar, Central Road Research Institute, India
Wafaa Saleh, Edinburgh Napier University, UK
Colin Bosewell, Edinburgh Napier University, UK
Abstract: This paper explains the modelling of emission in real world onboard measurement under local driving condition for engine size 1000cc and 600cc for motorcycles in Edinburgh. Impact of instantaneous speed, acceleration on emission have been investigated on the air quality management area (AQMA) in Edinburgh. Emission directly observed from the analyser have been converted from ppm and % unit into gm/sec by using the fuel consumption estimates and carbon mass balance equation Finally average emission factors for CO, HC, and NOX along the corridor have been estimated on time based (gm per second) and distance based (gm/km). Since emissions are primarily affected by speed, therefore a correlation between emission factors and speed have been developed. Onboard emission measurements have advantages to collect the emission data into different driving cycle i.e. vehicle operating modes (idling cruise, acceleration, and deceleration). This has been further investigated by developing the relationship between time spent in these modes and emission. These types of models are suitable, in sustainable development of transportation system, traffic demand management, signal coordination, and environment friendly application for Intelligent Transportation System (ITS).
Keywords: onboard emissions, motorcycles, speed, vehicle operating mode, driving cycle.