National innovation activity as a factor of sustainable development – case study of Kazakhstan
TURGINBAYEVA ARDAK NESIPBEKOVNA, KAZAKH NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, KAZAKHSTAN
Abstract: This research will analyse basic components of national innovation activity in contemporary conditions and also their influence to the sustainable country development. Several authors have written calculated derived indexes which realistically characterise the innovation activity of Kazakhstan. In the research indexes of innovation activity were used in Kazakhstan from 2003 until 2006, also descriptive and mathematical data analyses were conducted. The discussion is concentrated on the determination of the indexes such as innovation capacity, innovation return of the industrial product, quota expenditure for the technological innovations in a volume of innovation production and others. Conclusions and recommendations might be useful for the government organs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the forming of the Industrial-innovation development Strategy on the base of objective assessment of the contemporary level of innovation activity of the economic branches, and also for analysts and tacticians in the developing countries.
Keywords: National innovation activity, Innovation products, Innovation capacity, Technological innovation, Sustainable development, Gross domestic product, Industrial products, Developing country, Kazakhstan