Fatemah A. Al Maddah
Legal Advisor, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Purpose: This paper introduces Islamic partnership structures as an alternative to conventional debt contracts. It speciﬁcally addresses the situation of entrepreneurs seeking to fund from banks. The Islamic principle of proﬁt and risk sharing, emphasised in Islamic partnership structures, is discussed in detail as it replaces the phenomenon of risk transfer present in most conventional ﬁnancial and banking products. This paper explores two of the commonly used Islamic partnership structures; the Mudarabah and Musharakah structures. The paper explains how these structures beneﬁt the ﬁnanciers as well as entrepreneurs as both parties share in the risks and proﬁts of the enterprise and hence both their interests are aligned. In addition to the ﬁnancial and economic impacts of the principle of proﬁt and risk sharing, the paper explores its important role in achieving socio-economic justice.
Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper is developed based on the secondary sources and literature review.
Findings: The paper concludes that Islamic partnership structures aim at incentivising the bank and the entrepreneur to cooperate with each other to increase their wealth and avoid losses and they can hence minimise the disadvantages of conventional interest-based debt contracts.
Originality/Value of the paper: The paper assists the entrepreneurs of stage 1 or 2 in understanding the sources of Islamic ﬁnance and its implications.
Research Limitations/Implications: The paper is aimed at assisting the entrepreneurs seeking equity.
Keywords: Islamic France Shariah Finance; Risk Sharing; Islamic Banks.
Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Fatmah A. Al Maddah (2017) ‘Islamic Finance and the Concept of Proﬁt and Risk Sharing’, Middle East Journal of Entrepreneurship, Leadership and Sustainable Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.89-95.